The government spent 1,815 rupees per capita on health in 2018-2019; personal expenses were Rs 2,155: The Tribune India
New Delhi, September 12
The government spent 1,815 rupees per capita on health in 2018-19, while personal expenditure per capita was much higher at 2,155 rupees, the latest national health accounts released on Monday show.
Public expenditure on health as a percentage of GDP fell from 1.35% in 2017-2018 to 1.28% in the latest national health estimates and public expenditure as a percentage of total health expenditure amounted to 40, 6% against 48.2% of direct expenditure. a share of the total expenditure for the given year.
The National Health Accounts report reveals that Rs 5,96,440 crores was the Total Health Expenditure (THE) in India in 2018-19.
Of this amount, government expenditure was Rs. 2,42,219 crores or 40.61 pc of THE, 1.28 pc of GDP and Rs. 1,815 per capita. This represents around 4.81 pc of general public expenditure in 2018-19.
Although the latest estimates show a downward trend in direct household expenditure as a proportion of AES (64.2% to 48.2% between 2013-2014 and 2018-2019), personal household expenditure on health accounted for almost half of total health expenditure in 2018-19.
“Household Personal Expenditure on Health (OOPE) is Rs. 2,87,573 crore (48.21% of THE, 1.52% of GDP, Rs. 2,155 per capita). private amounted to Rs 39,201 crore (6.57% of THE),” the report said.
On the other hand, it shows upward trends in social security expenditure on health as a percentage of total health expenditure.
While 4.2pc of THE accounted for social security spending in 2013, today 9.6pc of THE is spent on social security, signaling government attempts to expand the health safety net.
Worryingly, the Current Health Expenditure (CHE) in 2018-2019 was Rs. 5,40,246
crores – 90.58 pc of THE, with households’ share of the current expenditure pie being 60.11 pc compared to 11.71 pc for Union Government and 19.63 pc for State Government.
The report further shows that private hospitals account for the bulk of current healthcare expenditure, with Rs. 1,55,013 crores – 28.69 pc of CHE – attributed to private hospitals and Rs. to public hospitals.
The maximum proportion of current health expenditure (1,86,625 crores of CH) went to hospital curative care, or 34.55% of all current health expenditure.
“Rs 1,01,902 crores went to outpatient curative care (18.86% of CHE), Rs 4,170 crores to day curative care (0.77% of CHE) Rs 18,909 crores for patient transport (3.50% of from CHE), Rs 22,526 crores to Laboratory and Imaging Services (4.17% of CHE), Rs 1,01,928 crores to Prescribed Medicines (18.87% of CHE), Rs 18,881 crores to Over-the-Counter (OTC) ) (3.49% of HEC), therapeutic devices and medical products of around Rs 643 crores (0.12% of HEC), preventive care of around Rs 50,991 crores (9.44% of HEC) and d Others of about Rs 12,258 crore (2.27% of HEC) also constituted current health expenditure. administration of the funding,” the report said.